National Livestock Mission (NLM) proposes to bring sharp focus on entrepreneurship development and breed improvement in rural poultry, sheep, goat and piggery including feed and fodder development. Rural Poultry Entrepreneurship component will give direct employment to 1.5 lakh farmers and two lakh farmers will be directly benefitted from sheep, goats and poultry development. About 7.25 lakh high yielding animals will be covered under risk management benefitting 3.5 lakh farmers. Fodder and fodder seed availability in the country will be increased by many folds through creation of fodder entrepreneurs, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying has said in a press statement today.
Livestock Census & Integrated Sample Survey component will support states for undertaking Livestock Census and for bringing out production estimates of milk, meat, egg and wool which is crucial for formulating strategies for holistic development of livestock sector, the ministry has further said.
According to the ministry, Livestock Health and Disease Control will be implemented with the aim to reduce risk to animal health by prophylactic vaccination against diseases of livestock and poultry, capacity building of veterinary services, disease surveillance and strengthening veterinary infrastructure. Under the scheme, during the next five years, mobile veterinary clinics will be established in the country to deliver animal health services at doorstep of 10 crore farmers engaged in animal husbandry, scheme will prevent annual loss to the farmers amount to Rs. 8,900 crore due to PPR (Peste des petits ruminants) disease in sheep and goats while Rs 200 crore due to classical swine fever in pigs.
The dairy cooperatives and farmer producer organisations (FPO) engaged in dairy activities will be provided with 4 percent interest subvention for meeting their working capital requirements. During the Covid-19 period, thanks to this scheme, milk procurement in the cooperative sector continued with very little fluctuation because the cooperatives were able to convert the un-purchased quantities into skimmed milk powder (SMP) with the help of these subsidised working capital loans. The scheme will benefit two crore farmer members linked with dairy cooperatives, the ministry has further elaborated.
The implementation of all these schemes will ensure easy credit flow to livestock and dairy farmers through interest subvention and capital subsidy, create huge opportunities and multiplier effect for employment and livelihood through entrepreneurial activities across livestock sector, boost export of meat, poultry and dairy products, accelerate breed improvement in cattle and other livestock species through technological interventions resulting more productivity in the sector. This will pave the way towards self-reliance, achieving the goals of Aatmanirbhar Bharat (Self-reliant India), the statement has noted.
The Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying is expecting that, these realigned schemes would lead to multiplication of elite animals of indigenous breeds and increased availability of indigenous stock, increased coverage of artificial insemination from 30 percent to 70 percent, identification of 30.2 crore animals with Unique Identification Number (UID), 53 lakh assured pregnancy through IVF (In vitro fertilisation) and sex sorted semen technology. Introduction of sex sorted semen will further enhance productivity of bovines through production of only female calves with more than 90 percent accuracy. This will also help in managing of stray cattle by reducing number of male animals. The realigned scheme will help in improving per animal productivity like meat, milk, egg and wool from the present level of productivity. Increase in productivity will help in production of more meat for the domestic market and export market.
Implementation of PPR and CSF (Cerebrospinal fluid) control programme would help in the eradication of the diseases of sheep, goat and pig respectively from the country. These schemes will also create 34 lakh litre per day additional milk procurement capacity covering 47,000 villages in the country.
According to the ministry, the financial commitment of Rs. 9,800 crore by Government of India over next five years starting 2021-22 for these schemes would leverage total investment of Rs. 54,618 crore in livestock sector including share of investments by state governments, state cooperatives, financial institutions, external funding agencies and other stakeholders.