How have been the progress and expansion of organic farming in 3 years?

How have been the progress and expansion of organic farming in 3 years?
Through various schemes, the government provides end to end support to organic farmers from organic production to certification and marketing, processing, packaging, storage among various other related supports

The Government of India has been promoting organic farming through dedicated schemes of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) and Mission Organic Value Chain Development in North East Region (MOVCDNER) since 2015-16. Both the schemes provide end to end support to organic farmers from organic production to certification and marketing including post-harvest management support like processing, packaging, storage among various other related supports, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Narendra Singh Tomar said in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha on Friday.

PKVY is implemented in all the states across the country to promote organic farming in cluster mode, in which, farmers are provided financial assistance of Rs 50,000/ per hectare for three years out of which, Rs. 31,000 per hectare for three years is provided directly to farmers through direct benefit transfer (DBT) for organic inputs such as seeds, bio-fertilisers, bio-pesticides, organic manure, compost, vermicompost, botanical extracts among other organic inputs, the minister informed the upper house of Indian parliament.

MOVCDNER is implemented in all the North-Eastern states for the promotion of certified organic production, in which, organic farmers are supported to develop their value chain from organic production to processing and marketing through FPO formation. Under the scheme a sum of Rs. 46,575 per hectare for three years are provided for the creation of FPO, support to farmers for organic inputs, quality seeds, planting material and training, hand-holding and certification. Apart from that financial support is also provided as a subsidy to FPOs and private entrepreneurs at the rate of 75 per cent and 50 per cent respectively for setting up of post-harvest infrastructures such as integrated processing unit, integrated packhouse, cold chain component and small processing units as per the requirement of the value chain, the minister further informed the Rajya Sabha.

In addition, organic farming is also supported under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) and National Project on Organic Farming (NPOF), Network Project on Organic Farming under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Tomar added.

Financial outlay of PKVY and MOVCDNER in last three years
Year PKVY scheme MOVCDNER scheme
Budget Estimate (Rs. in crore) Releases made (Rs. in crore) Budget Estimate (Rs. in crore) Releases made (Rs. in crore)
2018-19 360.00 329.46 160.00 174.78
2019-20 325.00 283.67 160.00 103.80
2020-21 500.00 381.05 175.00 137.17

Under PKVY and MOVCDNER schemes, there is a provision for the training and capacity building of farmers. Under PKVY, financial assistance of Rs 7,500 per farmer for three years is provided for capacity building. Whereas under MOVCDNER, there is a provision of financial assistance of Rs 10,000 per farmer for three years for training, handholding and certification, the agriculture minister added.

State-wise farmers trained during the last 3 years under PKVY and MOVCDNER scheme from 2018-19 to 2020-21
States PKVY scheme MOVCDNER scheme Total farmers
No of beneficiaries No of beneficiaries
Andhra Pradesh 200,000 ** 200,000
Chhattisgarh 50,000 ** 50,000
Goa 25,000 ** 25,000
Karnataka 25,000 ** 25,000
Madhya Pradesh 122,400 ** 122,400
Odisha 36,000 ** 36,000
Rajasthan 250,000 ** 250,000
Tamil Nadu 10,000 ** 10,000
Uttar Pradesh 25,000 ** 25,000
Assam * 5,000 5,000
Arunachal Pradesh * 4,000 4,000
Mizoram * 6,000 6,000
Manipur * 7,500 7,500
Nagaland * 7,343 7,343
Tripura * 4,305 4,305
Himachal Pradesh 3,750 ** 3,750
Uttarakhand 195,000 ** 195,000
Chandigarh 3,250 ** 3,250
Lakshadweep 6,750 ** 6,750
Total 952,150 34,148 986,298

Note: *PKVY scheme is not implemented in North-Eastern states since 2018-19
** MOVCDNER scheme is implemented only in North-Eastern states.

You may also like to read: 5 Govt schemes, promoting organic farming in India
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