In India, a cumulative area of 29.41 lakh ha, 38.19 lakh hectares and 59.12 lakh hectares have been brought under organic cultivation in the last three years (2019-20, 2020-21 and 2021-22) using organic manure and other organic inputs, which constitute 2.10 per cent, 2.72 per cent and 4.22 per cent of the cultivable land of 140 million hectares in the country. Apart from this, Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) is prescribed for entire cultivable land in the country that promotes balanced use of fertilisers including chemical, organic and bio-fertilisers, Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Narendra Singh Tomar said in a written reply in Lok Sabha on Tuesday.
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The Government of India has been promoting organic farming through dedicated schemes of Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) and Mission Organic Value Chain Development in North East Region (MOVCDNER). Farmers are provided financial assistance (Rs. 31,000 per hectare every three years in PKVY and Rs. 32,500/ ha/ 3 years under MOVCDNER) for organic inputs such as seeds, bio fertilisers, bio-pesticides, organic manure, compost, vermi-compost, botanical extracts among organic inputs. Apart from this, support is also provided for farmer groups, farmers producers organisation (FPO) formation, training, certification, value addition and marketing of their organic produce. In addition, organic cultivation on either side of River Ganga and large area certification have also been introduced under PKVY to increase acreage under organic cultivation using organic manure and bio-fertilisers, the agriculture minister further informed the parliament.